confident belief in the truth, value, or trustworthiness of a person, an idea, or a thing.
belief which does not rest on logical proof or material evidence.
loyalty or allegiance to a person or thing; especially, holding to a promise.
the theological virtue defined as secure belief in God and a trusting acceptance of God's will.
English word origin: Middle English faith, feith, abstract noun of fei, < Old French feid (Mod French foi) < Latin fides (trust, faith, reliance, credence, belief), noun form of Latin fidere (to trust) < Indo-European *bheidh- (to trust).
For other words like faith, go to words for belief. In what ways do these words describe how God is toward you, or how you are toward God or toward the gospel message?
Faith leads to unswerving action, devotion, and direction of one's self, and is often charged with emotion.
There can be more or less faith, stronger or weaker, even though there's no direct way of measuring it. It's not a constant in people; it's different with each moment and situation. It can go untested for long periods of time, but life will eventually put it to the test. It can be strengthened and it can become weak. Weak faith leads to fear and inaction. You can pray that God will give more faith to you or to someone else.
The Spirit Gives Faith, and Puts It To Work
Many of us see faith itself as if it were something you had to do or learn in order for God to love you and save you. Maybe it's right beliefs (orthodoxy), or right actions (orthopraxy). Maybe it's having common cause on the right issues. Some even think we're saved by 'love' -- by which is meant our own meaning of love and our own ability to love. When these ways of trying to save ourselves falter -- and they will -- we may see ourselves as cursed, even eternally damned.
We're starting in the wrong place. The first thing we need is something we can't do for ourselves. We can't manufacture the faith that will help us out of the fix we're in. Only God can create it in us. Luther was furious (as was his way) at medieval theologians such as Duns Scotus who could speak so grandly of an 'acquired faith' that we can get for (or make within) ourselves. He went back to the Bible to show that the only faith that counts is that which is 'poured in' to us by the Spirit. It does not spring forth from our inmost self, no matter how much spirituality we practice or how many loving deeds we do. It comes from outside of us and then lodges itself inside of us. It's not our senses which give it to us, but the Spirit through the Word of God, who then lights up and directs our senses and our reasoning. It's not how strong your faith is, but it's who you have faith in. We can't have a right faith by anything we do, but only by what is given to us by the Holy Spirit.
God's track record of being faithful to us can lead us to being faithful to God. God's stubborn, and doesn't give up on us or give in to us. It's hard to win the trust of folks who've been betrayed and manipulated as often as today's people. But God's way of doing things -- God's character and stick-to-it love -- is how real trust is built and how surreal cynicism is killed. It is a slowly-built response to true character, and not something one 'chooses' like clothing or brand of cola. It's like, 'how could you not choose to trust someone so worthy of trust?'
Faith in God is caught like a disease, not taught like a subject. It grasps us, shapes our passions, travels all over our internal systems, and redefines who we are. In that way, it becomes truly our own. We open to it in hope because the Spirit works through people who live their faith honestly and bear its message to those who haven't grasped it yet. It's shown in moments of daily living, and in 'moments of truth' where it most clearly makes the mission-critical difference.
Faith trusts God to forgive us. It trusts that God will make us holy. It trusts that God will make us effective. Faith trusts that God never abandons us.
Faith is what the Spirit uses to light the fires within you. When the
Holy Spirit gets to work inside of you, the Spirit causes an internal revolution. All of your life gets turned in God's direction -- thoughts, aspirations, behavioral standards, priorities, and such. It's not just about how you come to Christ, but how you live your life by way of Christ. The Spirit works overtime to lead us to be obedient
(Romans 8:4; Philippians 2:13; 2 Corinthians 3:5). The Spirit does this through faith. back to top
Faith is related to promise. Think of it this way: it's faith that the One you have faith in will act as promised.
Without some sort of a promise, what do you trust?
"to have faith means to want and to accept the promised offer
of forgiveness of sins and justification" (Phillip Melanchthon, Apology
Because God is worthy of trust, God's promises can comfort the sin-sick soul, the troubled conscience, and the worried mind. You're not dealing with a Cosmic Invisible Man who gets his divine jollies out of tossing you forever into a blazing inferno. You're dealing with a God who is a part of your life, wants to be more of one, and wants you to be a part of God's. The Letter To the Hebrews, chapter 11, recounts how the greats of ancient Israel acted powerfully on faith. 'Christ is calling you', the Spirit says. The comfort comes when we embrace God's promises and surrender to God's love. God's promises become personal when we experience them for ourselves: the body and blood of Jesus were shed for me.
To a Christian, faith is confidence and assurance, but it's not self-confidence or self-assurance. It's confidence in Someone Else who you know can do anything but wants to do it with you. It's a confidence you can live by. It's confidence that even if this Someone isn't 'on your side' of an issue or battle or dispute, this Someone is 'by your side' working to make good things come of your life. That Someone is Christ, who is there thanks to what the Spirit does in you. back to top
Faith is Illogical
Faith in Christ does not 'make sense'. If it depended on factual knowledge or mental logic, it wouldn't hold. Current fact does not define our future. If Abraham depended on factual knowledge, like, say, the relative comfort of his homeland in Mesopotamia or his advanced age, he wouldn't have stepped forward in a way that would have affected the generations that followed him. The evidence of history is that if you fully trust God, you get executed -- Peter, Paul, Stephen, numerous prophets, numerous martyrs, and most of all Jesus. What kind of a worthless God is that? The Christian claim, however, is that after being executed, Jesus returned from the dead, and continues to be at work today. If that is true, then God really has decided to act, spurred by divine love for us. Jesus' followers, who saw Him when He returned from the dead, report that Jesus said the same thing would happen to those who follow Him. A Christian is someone who trusts that this is so. But since we don't personally know anyone who has returned from the dead, this trust is faith, not knowledge. Each morning the Christian steps forward into each new day of the unknown based on this faith, trusting that the day ahead is in the hands of God's love.
Faithful folks with no position or rank give God's love and grace every day in tough circumstances, creating (or better, discovering) sacred space when and where something happens to reveal where real hope is found. Yes, it sometimes seems weirdly superstitious and merely coincidental, but real spiritual meaning may lay beneath the superstitious surface, and people of faith don't believe in coincidence. At the 9/11 World Trade Center disaster, there was a series of 'coincidences' that sustained the hope of those who worked the rescue and recovery efforts at Ground Zero (and through them, the rest of us). The most stunning 'coincidence' was when beams of steel stuck in the ground together in the pattern of a cross. Within moments, those at the scene understood what this cross meant : the God who suffered on a cross for us was now suffering with us over this large-scale human cruelty. No theologian had to interpret. No translators were needed. No priest had to come and bless it (they soon came to bless it, but that's after everyone knew what it was). It marked not just a burial plot, but sacred ground. I was surprised at how many agnostics, atheists, Buddhists, Jews and even hard-edged media types got the point of such a Christian symbol. You didn't have to be strongly Catholic, like most of the firemen, to grasp it. Today's world levels the playing field, and a flatter field means there are new opportunities for holy space and meaningful symbols, and the loving use of the Spirit's gifts by faithful people.
Get Out Of Jail
The century that just passed saw many thousands of people criss-crossing the globe to share Christ with others who hadn't considered the message of Christ. Whether they wanted to or not, what they often created was a photocopy of their own belief system, followed by attempts by the new believers to amend their lives on their own strength. That sounds spiritually ill, but a very real and vibrant 'baby' faith in Christ was often kicking around beneath that belief system. Too often, this baby faith couldn't get out and grow up because it was in the shape of trust in someone else's belief system more than a faith in Jesus. Over time, that passes, but it can take generations for the effect to go away.
The soul does not really know it is freed from the prison of sin. It still acts as if it must saw away at the shackles and dig a hole out of prison, and then follow a sketchy set of blueprints to make an exit. The good news is that the cell door is already open, the guards have fled, and the shackles are off of their moorings. All the work has already been done by someone else, and the coast is clear. Yet if we just sit there, or keep digging, we're still in jail. Anyone who doesn't use this opportunity is no less of a prisoner than before.
If Christ is not God's living communication with us, then religious behavior is a sick diversion, an illusion, maybe even a sham.