What attribute of God do you question?

Attributes of God and Hypostatic Union

Word Meanings and Definitions

Church-Speak 101 The Attributes Of God

What is God like?

What Are the Attributes of God?

The term 'attributes of God' refers to qualities describing God, or characteristics of the divine nature, as God has revealed them to us in Scripture. For example, this incomplete list of divine attributes in the Bible:

Why Speak of the Attributes of God?

The Orthodox churches speak often about God being "ineffable" and "incomprehensible" (words from John Chrysostom's Divine Liturgy). That means God is so beyond our ability to think or describe that our minds get boggled even when we begin to try. So that leaves a lot of room for not only awe and wonder, but questions. Theologians have always taken pock shots at these divine attributes, even in the earliest days of the Church. (For instance, in what way can God be unchanging in Exodus 32:14?) In their own way, so do regular folks, just by the way they live their lives and face life's tough situations. Our acts of daily living raise questions about the very hallmarks, effectiveness, and character of God. For instance:

Will God Get Mad If We Wonder?

God doesn't get upset at these questions, and it's not a sin to ask them - even in anger. They get at the heart of the mysteries of faith, justice, daily life, and even of existence itself. To speak of a characteristic of God is to say something about God's own nature, and the only things we know about it are what God has shown and told us in Scripture, as shown to us through Jesus. We have the information that really matters, more than enough to live by, yet we're still dealing with something beyond our abilities to describe or understand - which means that, when pushed far enough, even the most truthful of the words, descriptions, images, and theologies we use to describe God will go awry or miss the mark. How do these divine attributes play out in the Divine personality? How do they interact? What brings about each facet of God's character? These questions defy simple answers. Even the words we use for divine attributes are intimidating: omniscient, immutable, omnipresent, omnipotent. We don't say or even think such huge things in daily life. To folks who make a typical effort to understand the divine attributes, it just shows how God is far beyond the reach of our minds. To people who look deeper, the attributes of God point us to how divine attribute definitions succeed or miss, so we can get closer to the core mystery of what lies behind them -- the awesome character of God.

The honest truth is, though, that our questions about the character and attributes of God also reflect in our own questions about humanity. For instance, every question about a gracious God of peace who allows war is, even more, a question about the leaders who give the orders to fight wars, the war apologists who propagandize war, the generals who strategize war, and each soldier who pulls the trigger or throws the grenade -- each and all of whom are humans with the freedom to decide whether to do it or not, but pressure each other to do it. We are made in the image of God, not in arms and legs, but in that we can create and destroy, love and hate, think and choose. God's character is to choose not to be certain ways, and we have less consistent and less pure versions of that ability. Because we live in God's image, God's traits are too relevant for us to ignore.

What Is Appropriation (in Christian theology)?

appropriation : a Trinitarian teaching which states that while all three persons of the Trinity are active in all Godly doings, it's okay to think of each such action as being primarily the work of one of the Three. For instance, creation can be seen as the Father's work, or redemption as the Son's work, or enlightenment as the Spirit's work, so long as it is understood that all three persons are present and at work in all of these things in some way, working toward the same purpose.

A related concept is that of divine unity, in which all persons of the Trinity are equally God with the same divine purpose, and have the attributes of God (see below). For example, we think of Jesus as merciful, but the Holy Spirit and the Father are as merciful as Jesus. We think of the Father as transcending time, but so do the Spirit and the Son.

What is Hypostatic Union?

hypostatic union: [Greek hypo- (under, beneath) + stasis (standing, positioning, state)].

In the Athanasian creed, roughly two-thirds of it is taken up with a description of the underlying or foundational (hypostatic) unity of the Trinity, mostly done by saying things and partly taking them back. What holds it together is more than mere hypostatic cling - indeed, what holds God together holds all things together. That three are one is by definition a 'relationship' -- yet being one in substance, one in purpose, one in love for God's creatures, implies that something more marks them as a single entity.

Almost anything we say about God's internal makeup is bound to cross over the line into falsehood. (That's why the church of the 300-500 AD period was so keen on questions of how Jesus was human but also God. One wrong turn, and the church would have lost its way.) Such untruths usually tread closely to some part of the truth, but further from other parts. We're using words to describe what makes God God -- but isn't God too far beyond us for that? Yes and no. God put into His followers the drive to know and understand God as much as they can, even with their limited capacities for such knowing. That's what we do over someone we love - we hunger to know the loved one better. And God revealed what was most important, most central, most definitive, most characteristic about God, firstly in the Scriptures, then definitively in Jesus. Know Jesus, and you'll know all you need to know about God's inner workings, for Jesus is what God is.